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Citation Guidelines for GALILEO Resources

Examples of citations using popular style manuals, along with links to websites that can help you in compiling your bibliography or works cited page, are included below. Keep in mind that the purpose of a citation is to allow a reader to retrace the author’s research. To that end, a citation should be complete; more information is better than too little. For more in-depth and varied citation examples and to ensure accordance with the citation style you are using, please consult the most recent edition of the APA, MLA, Turabian, or other style manual available.

Other Resources

APA (American Psychological Association) Format

Based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., 2010.

APA Style Web Site

Full-Text Articles

According to section 6.32, the Digital Object Identifier (DOI), when available, is the preferred reference for most closely identifying the electronic location of an article. DOIs are typically found in citation information of articles in electronic databases. In the absence of a DOI, APA recommends using the home page URL of the journal or of the book or report publisher. If accessing the article through a GALILEO database, this will require a quick web search to locate the URL of the journal or the publisher.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of
     Periodical, xx, pp-pp. doi or retrieval URL

Journal article with DOI:

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and
     the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229.

Journal article without DOI:

Silllick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate
      between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied
      Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from

Government Document

Main government agency that released article. (year). Title of work. (Report No. xxxxx). 
     Retrieved from Agency name website: http://www.xxxxxxxxxx

According to section 7.03, reports that have been retrieved online should include the publisher as part of the retrieval statement unless the publisher has been identified as the author.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health,
     National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2003). Managing asthma: A guide
     for schools (NIH Publication No. 02-2650). Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi

Audiovisual Media

According to section 7.07, audiovisual media include motion pictures; audio or television broadcasts (including podcasts); and static objects such as maps, artwork, or photos. Note that some titles should be capitalized, such as titles of motion pictures, albums, or television series. Please check manual for additional, specific examples of format for motion picture, music recording, podcast, and others.

Artist, A. A., (Artist) & Contributor, C. C. (Contributor). (Year). Title of work [Media
     type]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxxxx
Lewis County Geographic Information Services. (Cartographer). (2002).
     Population density, 2000 U.S. Census [Demographic map]. Retrieved from


MLA (Modern Language Association) Format

The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 8th ed., 2016.

The 8th edition manual takes a new approach to in an effort to adapt to digital publication and is still in the process of adoption in Georgia libraries. Specific citation examples will be added below later in the school year.

MLA Style Center

MLA Journal Citation from the Quick Guide


Turabian Format

Based on Kate Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th ed., 2007.

Full-Text Articles

Author’s name. Year. Article title. Journal Title, volume, no. x
     [month or season]: pp-pp. URL for article (accessed date).
Liss, Neil J. 2003. "What we talk about when we talk about social studies."
     Social Studies, 94, no. 6 [November/December]: 245-250.
     (accessed September 15, 2009).

Government Documents

Name of Government (country, state, city,etc.). Name of Government Body 
     (department, board, commission, etc.). Year. Document Title.
     Individual Author (if given). Report number. Place of Publication:
     Publisher. URL for article (accessed date).
Georgia. Georgia Department of Natural Resources. 2001. Geology of Oligocene,
     Miocene, and Younger Deposits in the Coastal Area of Georgia.  Robert E.
     Weems and Lucy E. Edwards. Bulletin 131. Atlanta, GA: Georgia Department of
     Natural Resources.
     (accessed September 15, 2009).


Author’s name (if available). Year (or n.d. if no date). "Title of Work."
     Name of Site. File type. URL for article (accessed date).
"Coral Reef Animals: The Parrotfish." n.d. Encyclopædia Britannica Online 
     School Edition. MPEG-4 video file. 
     (accessed September 15, 2009).